A menstrual cup is a flexible and reusable cup that’s inserted into the vagina to collect period blood.

Learn more about menstrual cups here.

Menstrual cups are made of silicone—not cotton or rayon—unlike pads and tampons. It collects blood rather than absorb, allowing your vagina to stay naturally moist and at a healthy pH level.

A menstrual cup also has 3 times the capacity of a regular tampon and can be worn for 8–12* hours.

*Refer to the menstrual cup brand's leaflet for the recommended maximum hours.

No, it shouldn't hurt when inserted gently. Once you perfect the technique, you won't feel a thing!

Using a water-based lubricant can help ease the insertion. Avoid using an oil-based lubricant as it could react with silicone and degrade the cup.

1. Sterilise the cup by boiling it in a pot for 10 minutes

2. Wash your hands thoroughly

3. Fold the cup

4. Apply water-based lubricant on the rim of the cup

5. Insert the folded cup into your vagina, tilting it back towards your tailbone

6. Release your fingers and let the cup spring open inside, creating an airtight seal

7 Use a finger to check if it's fully open. The base should be round and without dents. Wiggle, twist, or pinch the cup if you need help unfolding it inside.

Check out our step-by-step beginner's guide.

There are various folding methods. Two of the most popular folds are The Punch Down Fold and the 7 Fold.

Punch Down Fold

Push one side of the rim inside the cup. Then pinch the sides of the rim together.

7 Fold

Flatten the cup by pinching the rim together. Then fold one side of the rim down diagonally to the opposite side of the cup to form the number 7.

Watch how to fold here.

1. Wash your hands

2. Get into comfortable position

3. Use the stem to get hold of the cup

4. Pinch the cup to release the suction seal

5. Once the suction has been released, gently wiggle and pull it out slowly


Check out our full guide on removing a menstrual cup.

If you have trouble removing the cup, take a moment to relax and try again. There is a steep learning curve so it's normal to fail the first few times!

Try different positions, such as squatting, which could help naturally lower your pelvic muscles and move the cup down.

If you can't reach the cup, use your pelvic floor muscles to gently push the cup downwards (as if you're taking a dump) so that you can get a grip of the stem or base of the cup. Avoid pushing too hard. If you find that your cup is constantly positioned too high up, it could be that you have a high cervix. Try using a longer cup.

Once you're able to reach your cup, pinch it with two fingers or press one side of your cup against the vagina wall with your finger to release the suction seal. Slowly pull it out or slide it down.


Be extra careful if you have long fingernails!


Still lost? Check out our step-by-step guide on how to remove a menstrual cup.

When inserted correctly, you should not feel the cup or any form of discomfort.

Once inserted into the vagina, the menstrual cup should 'pop' open (you might actually hear this!), creating a suction seal.

Gently run your finger around the cup to check if there are any dents.

If there are dents, pinch the base of the cup to push the cup open, or rotate the cup to help unfold it.

The stem of the cup should be completely inside of you. However, everyone has a different cervix height. If you have a low cervix, and you find the stem poking out, simply trim the stem to fit your body.

Check out our step-by-step beginner's guide.

Before first use

Sterilise the cup by boiling it in water using a dedicated pot for 5 minutes as cups may not be supplied in a sterile state.

During your period

There is no need to boil the cup when emptying the cup during your period. Just pour the blood out and rinse the cup with clean water or a cup wash, then reinsert.

Tip: To clean the air holes, fill the cup with water and place your palm over the rim of the cup to cover it. Turn it upside down and squeeze the cup so that the water gushes out through the air holes.


After your period

1. Sterilise the cup by boiling it in water for 5 minutes.

2. Allow the cup to cool and dry completely before storing it in a breathable bag. Do not store a menstrual cup in an airtight container as it needs ventilation.


When your next period comes

Boil for 3 minutes or use a cup wash to clean it before inserting the cup into your vagina.

Absolutely! A common misconception is that your hymen is capable of being ripped or broken. In reality, hymens stretch. They have openings where the period blood flows out. Since hymens are tissues, they naturally wear out with time or as a result of sports activities such as stretching, riding a bike or even walking!

Generally, you can wear a menstrual cup for 8–12* hours. But it depends on your period flow. On average, most women bleed only 2/3 of the cup during the 12 hours. On heavier days, you might have to empty your cup more often. 

*Refer to the menstrual cup brand's leaflet for the recommended maximum hours.

DO NOT wear a menstrual cup for more than 12 hours—this can increase the risks of infection.

Menstrual cups should not leak if inserted correctly. A properly inserted cup forms a seal to your vaginal walls, preventing leakage. Learn how to insert a menstrual cup here.


If you experience leakage, here are the few things to look out for:

Is your cup fully open?
Once inserted into the vagina, ensure that the cup fully opens from its fold. Run a finger around the cup to check for dents. If there are dents, pinch the base to push the cup open or rotate the cup to unfold it.

Are the air holes blocked?

To check this, fill your cup with water and cover the top with your palm. Turn it upside down and try to squeeze the water out through the air holes. Blocked holes can prevent the suction seal from being formed. If the holes are blocked, use a toothbrush or toothpick to clear them. 


Is your cup full?
If you have a heavy flow, it may be that your cup is full, causing blood to overflow. This means that you need to empty the cup more often.

Yes! Menstrual cups are ideal for anyone with an active lifestyle, whether swimming, yoga, climbing etc.

The cup will create a suction seal to prevent any leakage.

Absolutely! The menstrual cup doesn't get in the way of urination or bowel movement. In fact, it makes it better. Say goodbye to bloody pee and poo.

There are many types of cups available. The best cup is the one you are most comfortable with—one that fits and does not leak. Choosing a cup starts with understanding your body, as it involves various factors such as:

- The height of your cervix
- Your period flow
- Your age
- Frequency and intensity of physical activity
- The firmness of the cup (see cup comparison)
- The shape of the cup
- The material of the cup
- The reliability of the brand

Not sure which cup to get? Take the quiz.

Insert a clean finger into your vagina and keep moving up until your finger touches a tissue that's firmer than the rest of your vagina. It should feel like the tip of your nose—that's your cervix!

If you had to insert your finger all the way in, or touch nothing at all, you have a high cervix.

If it reaches up until the first joint of your finger, you have a low cervix.

If it reaches the second joint, you have an average cervix height.

Tip: Trim the stem if the cup is too long or sitting too low in your vagina. The right cup should feel like you're wearing nothing!

No, it's not possible.

The vagina is only about 3 inches long on average.

The cervix is a barrier between the vagina and uterus. Apart from childbirth and sperm penetration, the cervix only opens slightly during menstruation to allow blood to flow through, but that's nowhere near an opening big enough for a menstrual cup to pass through.

Menstrual cups made of medical-grade silicone can last up to 10 years!

However, the shelf life of a cup will vary depending on how it's taken care of—how it's stored, cleaned, and used.

You should replace your cup if it's showing any signs of degrading—i.e. if it’s sticky, chalky, worn or torn with holes apart from the air holes that were originally there.

It is possible to use a menstrual cup if you have an IUD. But we recommend consulting your doctor prior to using a menstrual cup.

For most, this isn't an issue. But for some, you may feel the pressure of the cup pressing against your bladder, causing you to pee slower or more frequently when using the cup.

If you have a sensitive bladder, consider switching to a softer cup.

Carry a bottle of clean water to rinse your cup before reinserting it. Otherwise, wipe your cup with toilet paper. Make sure to remove any small bits of toilet paper before reinserting it. Rinse it when you're back home.

Chances are you won't have to empty the cup in public (unless you have a heavy flow) as you can wear it for 8–12* hours.

*Refer to the menstrual cup brand's leaflet for the recommended maximum hours.

DO NOT wear a menstrual cup for more than 12 hours—this can increase the risks of infection.

Backflow is unlikely (even if you’re upside down) because of the thick consistency of period blood.

Go ahead and roll or do a backflip while using a menstrual cup!

Yes. However, note that the vagina is not as moist when you're not menstruating. So insertion might not be as smooth. Use a water-based lubricant to avoid irritation.

The tiny holes below the rim of the cup are air holes. They're there to pop the cup open during insertion and release the suction when removing the cup.


Blocked air holes might make it difficult for you to remove your cup. So remember to check and clean the holes as blood can get caught in them if the cup is not thoroughly cleaned.

Generally, there wouldn't be any concern about a prolapse when the cup is used and removed correctly by releasing the suction seal before gently pulling the cup down. Check out our guide on how to remove a menstrual cup.

It is possible to get pelvic prolapse with improper use. But as of now, there is no scientific or medical evidence that the use of menstrual cups may lead to a pelvic prolapse.
It is important to note that the cervix could naturally move lower during menstruation, so do not panic.

If you have/had a prolapse, we'd recommend you to speak to a medical professional prior to using a menstrual cup.

Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a rare but serious condition caused by toxin-producing strains of the staphylococcus aureus bacterium. It is possible to contract TSS when using a cup although it is extremely rare (lesser chance than with tampons).

The menstrual cup works by creating a suction seal in the vagina to collect period blood. Unlike pads and tampons, the cup does not absorb blood, so no oxygen will react with the period blood, allowing it to be bacteria-free. Although it's rare, it's always better to be safe than sorry! Reduce risks of TSS by:

- Washing your hands and nails thoroughly with mild, fragrance-free soap before insertion/removal

- Sterilising your cup by boiling for 10 minutes

- Applying a water-based lubricant during insertion to reduce friction

- Emptying your cup every 8–12* hours and washing it in between changes

*Refer to the menstrual cup brand's leaflet for the recommended maximum hours.

DO NOT wear a menstrual cup for more than 12 hours—this can increase the risks of infection.

Allergic reactions or sensitivity to silicone are rare.

If you experience any skin sensitivity, remove the cup immediately and seek medical advice.

All menstrual cups available on Bloody Goodshop are made of medical-grade silicone. They are safe to use inside the body.

To prevent the risks of any form of cross-infection between users, it's best to have your own pot, just like underwear.

It's possible. While the silicone used to make menstrual cups are durable, there is a risk of it melting if it rests at the bottom of the pot for too long. Keep an eye while you're boiling your cup, and use a spoon or a pair of chopsticks to stir from time to time.


Tip: Set an alarm on your phone; so you don't over-boil it.

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